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Monday, 12 March 2012

MSCE PHYSICAL SCIENCE SYLLABUS


MALAWI SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION





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PHYSICAL SCIENCE TEACHING SYLLABUS

NAME:  _________________________________________
DATE:  22ND FEBRUARY 2012



“IF GOD IS FOR US, WHO CAN BE AGAINST US”
ROMANS 8: 31
OVERVIEW OF THE SYLLABUS
·        EACH CHAPTER HAS SPECIFIC LEARNING OBJECTIVES TO BE ACHIEVED.

·        AFTER EACH LESSON WE WILL BE HAVING DEMONSTRATIONS OF VARIOUS EXPERIMENTS. USING LOCALLY AVAILABLE MATERIALS.


·        THE WORK HAS BEEN COMPLILED BY GEOFFREY MANDA  ANY REPRODUCTION WITHOUT PERMISSION IS ILLEGAL.

MSCE TOPICS
FORM THREE
1.     MATTER AND THE KINETIC THEORY
2.     PERIODIC TABLE, ELEMENTS AND CHEMICAL BONDING
3.     CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1
4.     FORCES, MOTION AND NEWTONS LAWS OF MOTION
5.     ELECTRICITY, MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC INDUCTION 1
FORM FOUR
6.     OSCILLATION AND WAVES
7.     CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2
8.      ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
9.      NUCLEAR PHYSICS
10.           ELECTRICITY, MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC INDUCTION 2: BAND  THEORY













FORM THREE
1.    MATTER AND THE KINETIC THEORY.
-BY THE END OF THIS CHAPTER STUDENTS SHOULD
a)     Describe the kinetic theory of matter. (solids, liquids and gases)
b)    Explain the causes of gas pressure
c)     Explain why the average molecular speed increases with increase in temperature
d)    Explain the meaning of absolute temperature
e)     Convert temperature from degrees Celsius to Kelvin and vice versa
f)      State the evidence of molecular motion.
g)     Discuss the gas laws
h)    Apply the gas laws in problem solving
i)       Make a manometer...**** (practical)
j)       Measure lung pressure using a manometer
k)    Show that the liquid pressure of a column of a liquid is given by p=dgh (where: p= pressure, d= density, h= vertical height and g= gravity= 10g/m2
l)       Relate liquid pressure to everyday activities
m)  Explain the use of expansion and contraction of solids in everyday life.
2.    ELEMENTS AND CHEMICAL BONDING
-      BY THE END OF THIS CHAPTER STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO
a)    Analyze the arrangement of elements in the periodic table
b)    Predict group and period of an element given the anomic number
c)     Write the structure of an atom
d)   Explain how element differ from each other
e)    Explain how atoms attain stability
f)      Distinguish between ionic and covalent bonding
g)    Represent bond formation with dot and cross diagrams
h)   Work out formula of compounds given valencies
i)      Differentiate polar and non polar covalent bonds
j)      Describe metallic bonding as captions in a sea of electrons.
k)    Relate properties of metals to their uses
l)      Describe physical properties of halogens
m) Relate trends in melting and boiling points to strength of intermolecular forces.
n)   Relate trends in reactivity of halogens to changes in effective nuclear charge and atomic radius
o)    Discuss importance of the halogens.
p)   State sources of sulphur
q)    Distinguish between physical properties of sulphur and its chemical properties
r)     List use of sulphur
s)     Discuss the importance of sulphuric acid
t)      State the uses of sulphates


3.     FORCES, MOTION AND NEWTONS LAWS OF MOTION
          -BY THE END OF THIS CHAPTER STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO
a)    Express a chemical reaction by balances equation
b)    Relate a mole to other units of measurements
c)     Relate the mass to unit of measurement
d)   Calculate the empirical formula and molecular formula using the mole concept
e)    Express the concentration as the number of mole per liter or moles per dm3
f)      Prepare solutions of known concentrations by dilution of standard solutions
g)    Determine the concentration of a solution by using titration.
h)   State the molar volume occupied by 1 mole of a gas at:
-standard temperature and pressure (s.t.p)
-room temperature and pressures
i)      Calculate the reacting masses and volumes of gases given the reactions.
4.     FORCES, MOTION AND NEWTONS LAWS OF MOTION
          -BY THE END OF THIS CHAPTER STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO
a)    Differentiate between a scalar and vector
b)    Add vectors (know how to add vectors)
c)     Resolve component of vectors.
d)   Distinguish between distance and displacement
e)    Differentiate between speed and velocity
f)      Define acceleration
g)    Determine the total distance and acceleration USING VELOCITY-TIME GRAPHS
h)   State the three laws of motion.
i)      Discuss the application of Newton’s laws of motion.
5.     ELECTRICITY, MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC INDUCTION 1
-by the end of this chapter student should be able to:
a)    Describe the role of electrostatics in everyday lives
b)    Investigate the effective resistance in series and parallel circuits
c)     Deduce resistance of resistors from color codes and resistance code STD notation
d)   Explain the meaning of electrical power
e)    Calculate electrical power using different equations
f)      Interpret power ratings of electrical appliances
g)    Apply power equations to find the amount of total heat energy in electrical appliances
h)   Calculate the cost of electrical energy
i)      Magnetize steel/ iron metal and demagnetize steel/ iron metal
j)      Describe the effects of current carrying conductor in a magnetic field
k)    Describe electromagnetism
l)      Determine the magnetic flux/ field pattern for a conductor carrying current
m) Investigate the induction of an e.m.f. (ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE)
n)   Explain how transformers work
o)    Apply the transformer equation in problem solving
p)   Describe how loss of energy is reduced in a transformer

FORM FOUR

1.     OSCILLATION AND WAVES
-BY THE END OF THIS CHAPTER STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO
a)    Explain the term oscillation in relation to a pendulum or hanging mass on a string
b)    Describe characteristics of an oscillating system
c)     Describe and explain the characteristics of waves
d)   Differentiate between transverse and longitudinal waves
e)    Describe properties of waves
f)      Apply the wave equation in problem solving
g)    Distinguish between a converging (convex) and diverging (concave) lens.
h)   Determine the focal length of a converging lens and draw light ray diagrams
i)      Apply the lens formula in problem solving
j)      Discuss the parts of a camera and describe how a camera works
k)    Compare a camera to an eye
l)      Describe functions and parts of a projector and describe how projector works.
2.     CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2
-BY THE END OF THIS CHAPTER STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO
a)    Define oxidation in terms of loss of electrons and reduction in terms of gain of electrons.
b)    State that oxidation and reduction occur simultaneously
c)     Identify a reducing agent and oxidizing agent
d)   Describe displacement reaction
e)    Relate the position of a metal in the series to its reducing power
f)      Explain rusting/ corrosion in terms of redox reactions
g)    Discuss ways of preventing corrosion
h)   Describe the process of electroplating in terms of redox reaction
i)      Describe acid as proton donor and a base s proton acceptor.
j)      Describe the formation of hydronium ion
k)    Identify conjugate acid base pair in an acid/ base reaction
l)      Determine the strength of acids and bases using conductivity apparatus.
m) Classify reactions as exothermic and endothermic
n)   Draw energy diagram for a) exothermic reaction b) endothermic reaction
o)    Explain why bond breaking is endothermic and why bond making is exothermic.
3.     ELECTRICITY, MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC INDUCTION 2
-BY THE END OF THIS CHAPTER STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO:
a)    Explain the meaning of semiconductors
b)    Explain the meaning of band theory of semi conductors
c)     Discuss diodes and their importance’s
d)   Describe what transistors are and how they function
4.     ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
-by the end of this chapter student should be able to:
a)    State the names of the first ten unbranched primary alkanols
b)    Draw structure of the first ten primary alkanols
c)     Draw the general and molecular formulae of the first ten primary alkanols
d)   Describe the formation of ethanol by fermentation of sugars
e)    Describe the oxidation of alkanols to carboxylic acids
f)      State the names and draw the structures of the first ten unbranched carboxylic acids
g)    Write the general and molecular formula of the first ten carboxylic acids.
h)   Explain why carboxylic acids are classified as acids
i)      Give examples of natural sources of carboxylic acids
j)      Describe the a reaction of ethanoic acid and ethanol to form ethyl ethanoate
k)    Construct flow diagrams for identification of unknown compounds
l)      Apply the general formulae in problem solving
m) Relate the trend in melting points of alkanols and carboxylic acids to the strength of intermolecular forces.
n)   Relate the difference in conductivity of alkanols and carboxylic acids to their functional group.
o)    Define isomers as compounds having the same molecular formula but different structural formulae.
p)   Draw structures of isomers of alkanes, alkenes and alkanols up to five carbon atoms.
q)    Distinguish between monomers and polymers.
r)     Distinguish between addition polymerization and condensation polymerization
s)     Describe the properties and use of natural polymers and synthetic polymers.
t)      Distinguish between recycling of thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers.
u)   Discuss the waste management of paper and plastic.
5.     NUCLEAR PHYSICS
-by the end of this chapter student should be able to:
a)    Name the constituent particles of atomic nucleus
b)    Express the composition of a particular nucleus in standard notation
c)     Describe isotopes as atoms of the same elements with different mass numbers due to the different mass numbers and neutrons in  their nuclei
d)   Explain what is meant by radioactivity
e)    State characteristics of radioactive substances
f)      Describe alpha, beta and gamma rays
g)    Explain the meaning of radioactive decay
h)   Distinguish between natural and induced radioactivity
i)      Explain and use the idea of half life
j)      Describe safety precautions in handling and storage of radioactive substances
k)    Distinguish between radioactive fusion and radioactive fission as energy sources
l)      Describe the uses of radioactivity.
THE END